Artiste Studios - L'Orthodontiste

Temporomandibular joint disorders like Bruxism: Clenching or grinding can be treated here

Oral health is an important overall health issue. The problems which arise are not only limited to oral and dental health but our occlusion system is the cause of facial and oral pain. Those suffering from this type of pain cannot perform work efficiently and the quality of their life is deterred. The dental occlusion problem is multi factorial in cause and treatment for this group of patients must be an integrated approach with specialists, knowledgeable about dental occlusion

 

Dental Occlusion or Malocclusion is an extremely common dental condition

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is an acute or chronic inflammation of TMJ, an abbreviation for Temporomandibular Joint, or the jaw joint. You have two TMJs, one on each side just in front of your ear. The TMJ is the joint formed by the temporal bone of the skull (Temporo) with the lower jaw or mandible (hence, mandibular).

 

The TMJ is used to open and close your mouth, allowing movement up and down, side to side, and forward to back, and is therefore necessary for biting, chewing and swallowing, speaking, and making facial expressions.      

 

TMJ disorders are a common problem faced. These TMJ problems can result from injury, aging, and poor dental behaviour like frequent gum chewing, teeth grinding, and teeth clenching. Although the presence of one of these symptoms does not necessarily indicate the presence of a TMJ disorder, common symptoms of TMJ disorders include:

  • Change in occlusion (bite)
  • Dizziness
  • Headache pain
  • Hearing problems (ringing or noises in the ears)
  • Ear pain and at times, pressure
  • Limited jaw movement
  • Pain in the face, jaw, neck, or shoulders
  • TMJ catching or locking
  • TMJ clicking or popping

 

To check for TMJ disorder, Occlusion Dentist will feel your jaw muscles and ask you if there is any pain or tenderness. Additionally, your doctor will examine your jaw movement and listen for any clicking or popping sounds.

Three main groups of TMJ disorders:

  • Muscle disorders describe TMJ problems located in the muscles that control the TMJ and the muscles located in a person’s face and neck. These disorders are often called mysofacial disorders and are the most common of the TMJ disorders. Individuals with TMJ muscle disorders will experience pain in the muscle areas listed above.
  • Joint derangement disorders are a group of TMJ problems that is caused by either: a dislocated jaw, a displaced disk, or an injured bone.
  • Degenerative joint disorders are a group of TMJ problems that is caused by diseases like arthritis that destroy the cartilage that cover the TMJ and absorbs the shocks caused by such actions as chewing. Degenerative joint disorders stem from the wear and tear of the TMJ joints.

 

There are several ways the TMJ disorders may be treated. our specialist will recommend what type of treatment is needed for your particular problem, maybe even recommending physiotherapy treatment that emphasizes muscle stretching and relaxing exercises. In turn, you will have to change your daily behaviour to combat your TMJ disorder.

 

It is advisable that you avoid chewing gum, eating soft foods, and opening your mouth wide to ensure that you do not worsen your TMJ condition. In some cases, you may be required to wear a mouth guard at night that is designed to help you reduce grinding and clenching. This custom made device fits over the top or bottom teeth and will not create any serious disturbance to your daily routine. In extreme cases of TMJ disorder, TMJ treatment may involve some form of surgery.

 

Whatever the reason for your TMJ disorder, an Artiste Studios’ specialist will assess, diagnose and help treat your condition in order to restore your quality of life.

 

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Artiste Studios - L'Orthodontiste

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